DAICHES, rabbinical family, originating in Lithuania, settled in Britain. LOEB HIRSH ARYEH ẒEVI B. DAVID (d. 1891), dayyan and rosh yeshivah in Kovno, wrote a commentary on the New Year prayers, Zivḥei Teru'ah (1867). His son, ISRAEL ḤAYYIM (1850–1937), born in Darshunishek, Lithuania, studied at Lithuanian yeshivot and, after a short time as rabbi in a Lithuanian community, became rabbi in Leeds, England. Daiches founded the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of England. Often lenient in his opinions, Daiches tried to adapt to modern technological advances, and occasionally was subjected to strong criticism (see his mikveh yisrael , 1912). His published work mainly concerned the Jerusalem Talmud, on which he wrote annotations; the responsa of Isaac b. Sheshet (Ribash; 1879); Ma'arḥot Yisrael, on Oraḥ le-Ḥayyim by Ḥayyim Segal of Ratzki (1879); and notes added to Last's edition of Magen Avot by Menahem ha-Meiri (1909, 1958). Daiches also published responsa (1870) and sermons (Imrei Yosher, 1887), and Derashot Maharyaḥ (with autobiography, 1930). He edited a rabbinic journal, Beit Va'ad la-Ḥakhamim, during 1902–04. His son SAMUEL (1878–1949) was a rabbinic and Oriental scholar. Born in Vilna, Samuel studied with his father and at the Berlin Rabbinical Seminary. After serving as rabbi at Sunderland, England, Daiches became lecturer in Bible, Talmud, and Midrash at Jews' College, London, in 1908. He also took an active part in the work of B'nai B'rith, the Anglo-Jewish Association, the British Board of Deputies, the Jewish Agency, and Jewish relief organizations. In his earlier days Daiches published works on Babylonian antiquity and its influence on Judaism, including Altbabylonische Rechtsurkunden   (1903), Talmudische und Midraschische Parallelen zum babylonischen Schoeffungsepos (1903), Babylonia and Hebrew Literature (1904), Balaam – A Babylonian Baru (1909), Jews in Babylonia in the Times of Ezra and Nehemiah According to Babylonian Inscriptions (1910), and Babylonian Oil Magic (1913). His other studies include Studies in Psalms (1930), Study of the Talmud in Spain (1921), and Divorce in Jewish Law (1926). Daiches contributed to learned German and English journals and to the Hebrew Ha-Shilo'aḥ. A semi-jubilee volume, Ye Are My Witnesses, was published in his honor in 1936. His Essays and Addresses, a memorial volume, appeared in 1955. SALIS (1880–1945), another son of Israel Ḥayyim, was also a rabbi and author. Like his brother, he was born in Vilna and received his rabbinic education from his father and at the Berlin Rabbinical Seminary. After serving as rabbi at Hull and Sunderland, England, he went to Edinburgh (1918), where he became the spiritual leader and spokesman of Scottish Jewry. He too was active in B'nai B'rith and the Zionist movement. He published a volume of selected essays, Aspects of Judaism (1928), and was one of the translators of the Soncino Talmud. david daiches (1912– ), writer and critic, was his son. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Israelsham-Weindow (eds.), Ye Are My Witnesses (1936), foreword by J.H. Hertz; Essays and Addresses (1955), with a memoir by G. Webber; Epstein, in: S. Federbush (ed.), Ḥokhmat Yisrael be-Ma'arav Eiropah, 1 (1958), 500–1; D. Daiches, Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood (1956).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daiches — is a Scottish surname, and may refer to: David Daiches (1912 2005), Scottish literary historian and literary critic Jenni Daiches (21st century), Scottish literary historian This page or section lists people with the surname Daiches. If an …   Wikipedia

  • DAICHES, DAVID — (1912–2005), English scholar and literary critic. A son of Rabbi Salis Daiches (1880–1945), he was born in Sunderland, and spent most of his youth in Edinburgh. After teaching at Chicago, Cornell, and Cambridge universities he was appointed… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Daiches, David — (b. 1912)    British literary critic, nephew of Samuel Daiches. He was born in Sunderland. He taught at the universities of Chicago, Cornell, Cambridge and Sussex. His Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood depicts his rebellion against… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Daiches, Samuel — (1878 1949)    British rabbi and scholar, son of Israel Hayyim Daiches. He was born in Vilna. He served as rabbi in Sunderland, England, and later became a lecturer in the Bible, Talmud and midrash at Jews College. He took an active part in the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Daiches, Israel Hayyim — (1850 1937)    British Orthodox rabbi and scholar. He was born in Darshunishek, Lithuania, and eventually settled in England, where he served as a rabbi in Leeds. He founded the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of England. His writing includes annota… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • David Daiches — Born 2 September 1912 Sunderland, England Died 15 July 2005 Edinburgh, Scotland Occupation Literary critic, scholar, Nationality Scottish Period …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Scotland — The earliest date at which Jews arrived in Scotland is not known. It is possible that some arrived, or at least visited, as a result of the Roman Empire s conquest of southern Great Britain, but there is no direct evidence for this. What the… …   Wikipedia

  • A Red, Red Rose — My Love is Like a Red, Red Rose is a 1794 song in Scots by Robert Burns based on traditional sources. The song is also referred to by the title My Love is Like A Red, Red Rose or Red, Red Rose and is often published as a poem. Contents 1 The poem …   Wikipedia

  • Authorized King James Version — ] with the perpetual Royal Privilege to print Bibles in England. [The Royal Privilege was a virtual monopoly.] Robert Barker invested very large sums in printing the new edition, and consequently ran into serious debt, [] Two editions of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Stevenson, Robert Louis — ▪ British author Introduction in full  Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson  born Nov. 13, 1850, Edinburgh died Dec. 3, 1894, Vailima, Samoa  Scottish essayist, poet, and author of fiction and travel books, best known for his novels Treasure Island… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.